Dating stonehenge

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Probably at the same time that the stones were being set up in the centre of the monument, the sarsens close to the entrance were raised, together with the four Station Stones on the periphery.About 200 or 300 years later the central bluestones were rearranged to form a circle and inner oval (which was again later altered to form a horseshoe).The earliest surviving written references to Stonehenge date from the medieval period, and from the 14th century onwards there are increasing references to Stonehenge and drawings and paintings of it.Since 1897, when the Ministry of Defence bought a vast tract of land on Salisbury Plain for army training exercises, the activities of the military have had an impact on the area.

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A decapitated man, possibly a criminal, was buried at Stonehenge in the Saxon period.The earliest structures known in the immediate area are four or five pits, three of which appear to have held large pine ‘totem-pole like’ posts erected in the Mesolithic period, between 85 BC.It is not known how these posts relate to the later monument of Stonehenge.They may have been intended for a rearrangement of the stones that was never completed.The Normanton Down Barrows lie on the crest of a low ridge just to the south of Stonehenge.

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