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But like Mr Leigh, she is not persuaded by Dr Pluchino and colleagues' categories of individuals in parliament.She says these categories may exist in adversarial parliamentary systems, but not when there is a proper deliberation."There is a very dramatic shift at a point in the deliberative environment when people shift from self interest to public interest," says Professor Carson.in the first significant democratic experience, namely the Athenian democracy, elections worked side by side with random selection (sortition) and direct participation."Dr Pluchino and colleagues say the drawbacks of a system dominated by political parties have been well documented.These include the tendency for politicians to follow a 'party line' and the tendency of groups to defend their interests.In reality, though, the issue of online cheating is more complex—especially when it concerns sexual activities involving actual interaction with other individuals.People, consciously or not, consider their online sexual relationships as real—they experience psychological states similar to those typically elicited by offline relationships.In 2010, Dr Pluchino and colleagues won an Ig Nobel prize for showing mathematically that organisations could avoid the spread of incompetence - or the Peter Principle - and become more efficient if they promoted people at random.
Their model relied on four categories of people in the parliament.
But she says most political science models of sortition tend to assume the whole parliament is randomly selected.
Professor Carson says Dr Pluchino and colleagues' model is different because it is proposing the introduction of just a few randomly -selected independents."I like that idea," says Professor Carson, who was involved with the 2009 Australian Citizens' Parliament.
In recent decades, they write, there has been a rise in interest in choosing representatives by random selection.
Arguments in favour of this are that it can reduce corruption, prevent the dominance of a small group of politically active people, and ensure people of different incomes, races, religions and sex, are more fairly represented in parliament.